5 Different Kinds of Penetration Testing


Every day, the risk posed by hackers becomes more severe. Well over 450 IT intelligence officials participated in a Technical Republic study, and the results showed that 71 percent among them had noticed an uptick in security risks or assaults while COVID-19 increased levels. If a hacker succeeds in breaching your security and barriers, the consequences for your reputation, revenue, and operating excellence might be disastrous. You should take into account several forms of pen testing to evaluate your cybersecurity protection and identify weaknesses in your vital IT assets.

There are a lot of different types of penetration testing, and you may be wondering which one is right for you. In this article, we’ll discuss the 5 significant types of penetration testing.

Penetration assessments: what are they? Which of them is required for your business, exactly? Let’s go through it together.

Table of Contents

The Five Different Pen Testing Methods

It’s feasible to move on to the most typical examinations after reviewing the fundamental methods for conducting a pen test. The majority of them will combine white-box with black-box evaluation techniques. They consist of the following:

1. Screening for Physical Invasion

An actual security flaw is simulated during a physical pentest. The legitimate user makes an effort to breach the tangible security measures and obtain unauthorized entrance to the systems, facilities, or equipment that support your company’s security. It puts everything to the test physical safeguards you have now in place, among others.

  • Roadblocks.
  • Camera systems.
  • Detectors.
  • Locks.
  • Alarm systems.
  • Security personnel.

Although it’s sometimes overlooked, if a hacker can physically get past your protection and into the main server, they may quickly take over your network. Therefore, your practical country’s security must become as carefully secured at your cybersecurity boundary.

2. Pen Testing of Network Services

A network vulnerability test is performed to locate vulnerable areas on your system.

  • Networks.
  • Frameworks.
  • Hosts.
  • Networking hardware.

Your goal is to locate and fix vulnerabilities before a criminal can exploit them. When executed properly, it can show the flaws in the network that an attacker can use to obtain critical information or take over the system. During the investigation stage, your organization can build better ways to protect private data while also avoiding system invasions.

What would that necessarily involve?

The seven phases of the Security Testing Implementation Guidelines are what most testing methods will comply with:

  • The internal staff and safety partnership talk about and determine the commitment scope during the pre-engagement phase.
  • Information collection – In order to acquire as much material as they can, the testers look for all available methods and their multiple systems.
  • The examiner locates the program’s vulnerable flaws through testing tools and automatic screening.
  • Research of flaws – In order to create an assault force, the tester identifies and examines the most obvious weaknesses.
  • Extortion: The examiner probably runs checks in an effort to find weaknesses.
  • Post-exploitation: The examiner attempts to ascertain the infiltrated system’s worth and keep hold of it so that it might employ it later.
  • Reporting: The tester gathers results, ranks and prioritizes issues, presents supporting data, and suggests appropriate responses.

3. Network Penetration for Social Control

Your staff provides the greatest potential threat to your company, hands down, as per Security Journal. 5 significant types of penetration testing Malicious hackers are actively preying on individuals since it is much simpler and more lucrative to send phishing emails, steal passwords, and download harmful files to cloud apps compared to trying to develop a costly, time-consuming, and very improbable attack. Ordinary users are the final line of protection against cyberattacks, which depend on human contact in far more than 99% majority of cases.

Your security-related initiatives will go for naught if you don’t involve your staff in the process. They ought to be your top priority. In a social manipulation pentest, the examiner tries to trick or entice workers into divulging confidential data, such as login or passcode.

Social networking intrusion attacks come in many different forms:-

  • Scamming people.
  • Vishing.
  • Malware or viruses.
  • Imitation.
  • Tailgating.
  • USB failures
  • “Watering hole.”
  • Assault against whaling.
  • Pretexting.
  • Attack with a catch.
  • Trying to bait.
  • Dumpster plunging.

One of the greatest methods to prevent a crime from happening or being effective is to increase staff knowledge and provide training on typical social engineering techniques.

4. Pen Testing for Web Applications

Due to the growth of online applications, it must now use more internet services for software development and application configuration. But given that certain online apps may include sensitive information, this also creates a huge new offensive channel for cybercriminals. In order to uncover flaws and exploit problems, 5 significant types of penetration testing  web app penetration testing aims to learn as much as possible regarding the target site. This will ultimately compromise the online application altogether.

Another name for this is web app penetration assessment. The following circumstances can be tested for by it:

  • Site-to-Site Scripting
  • Injection of SQL.
  • Identification and session administration are both broken.
  • Issues with file upload.
  • Assault on caching systems.
  • Misconfigured security.
  • Forgery of Cross-Site Requests.
  • Cracking passwords.

A WAPT is significantly more extensive and comprehensive than what is sometimes referred to as a “profound dive” test, especially when it comes to discovering flaws or flaws in web-based apps. The entire internet application must thus be thoroughly tested, which takes a lot of time and effort.

5. Testing for Wireless Sensitivity

The goal of wireless pen testing is to locate and evaluate any devices linked to your company’s wireless router, such as:

  • Computers.
  • Tablets.
  • Mobile phones.
  • IoT gadgets.

The test is carried out on-site because the penetration tester has to be inside the wireless channel’s coverage area to contact it. 5 significant types of penetration testing Finding flaws in wireless access points appears to become the test’s straightforward goal.

What are the following steps?

  • Using wardriving, which entails driving about the actual place to check for wifi networks, data is collected through wireless surveillance.
  • Detecting wifi devices: The tester searches and locates wireless communications using a packet sniffer and wireless chip tracking.
  • Researching flaws on an entry point is the examiner’s next step after discovering wifi hotspots.
  • Exploitation – The analyst makes one among three efforts to expose the flaws:
  • It removes an authorized client’s authentication and catches the first four handshakes. It uses a captured secret in a weak offline password.
  • Documentation – The tester records each stage of the procedure, along with comprehensive results and mitigation suggestions.

Final Verdict

One of the greatest methods to gauge how well your physical and virtual security is working is through penetration tests. Each penetration test attempts to imitate a major attack even without repercussions—whether you utilize white-box, black-box, and gray-box techniques.

There are now five primary forms of pen testing that are important for the company.

  • Provider of networks.
  • Web-based software.
  • Social engineering. 
  • Wireless technology.
  • Physiological.

They should run each of these assessments regularly to ensure your cyber defenses are effective. Experts are well-equipped to evaluate your cybersecurity security, identify glaring gaps, and take appropriate action afterward. Are you all set to begin?

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1. What aspect of pen testing is perhaps most crucial?

Testing strategies are critical to a company’s security since they train employees how to react to any adverse party infiltration. Pen tests are used to determine if a firm’s security practices are really beneficial.

2. What constitutes intrusion testing’s four components?

Preparing for the pentest is the initial stage. The second section collects information in order to detect possible potential attacks. Finding and describing security flaws is the third stage. Delivering results from the pen test is the fourth process.

3. What does pen testing, and what are its five varieties?

Computer networks, apps, client-side, wirelessly, social control, and physical intrusion detection systems are among the several subtypes. An internal or external pentest can mimic various attack pathways.


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